Industrial Revolution started in the late 18th century; it was the transition to new manufacturing processes as a result of the rise in capitalism and/or the progressing world. Each industrial revolution impacted our lives through Labour, Food, Transportation, Technology, Social Change, Resources, Industrialism, Business, Economics, and Politics.
The below infographic depicts four Industrial Revolutions. Each of the Industrial Revolution shows the key inventions, areas of transformation and its influencers. The degree of the complexity has been increasing along with the progression of each Industrial Revolution.
The 1st Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century and continued through the early 19th century. Many innovations emerged in reducing human effort or replacing manual labour that gave birth to the 1st Industrial Revolution. It leads to the production of cast iron, steam engines, and textile technologies. As a result, the manufacturing of cast iron products and logistics were redefined through steam transport.
Necessity is the mother of invention.
The 2nd Industrial Revolution began in the late 19th century and continued through till the early 20th century. Continued innovations lead to changes in the social sphere such as the production of electricity, steel, railroads, and chemicals. As a result, Conveyor system and Mass production were created.
The 3rd Industrial Revolution began in the middle of the 20th century. The success of past technologies and scope of globalization resulted in automated production using digital technologies and renewable sources of energy. Then, ‘Internet’ emerged and broke many barriers across countries, cultures, communication, and businesses that made the world more reachable and accessible.
Where necessity ends, curiosity begins; and no sooner are we supplied with everything that nature can demand than we sit down to contrive artificial appetites.
– Samuel Johnson
The 4th Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0 has begun in the 21st century. It is a result of the emergence and distribution of new technologies from the past industrial revolutions which allows us to create fully automated production processes through physical, digital and biological interaction. It enables us to reach the scale to meet the growing demands of global industrial production.
Growth is constant, the rate of its speed (slow/linear/exponential) lies on one’s perspective.
– Gopala Krishna Bala